Under Wnt quiescence conditions (and (Fig. and tumor formation. We therefore concluded that dimerization of p15RS governed by the leucine zipperClike motif is critical for its inhibition of Wnt/-catenin signaling and tumorigenesis. and and homologous interaction of p15RS in graphic representation of p15RS protein structure: RPR domain from amino acids 1 to 135 and CCT domain from amino acids 136 to 312. CCT domain is responsible for the dimerization of p15RS. FLAG-tagged full-length p15RS, RPR, or CCT domains were co-expressed with Myc-tagged full-length p15RS in HEK293T cells. Cell lysates were incubated with an anti-FLAG antibody for the IP assay. the CCT domain of p15RS dimerizes. Myc-tagged full-length (p15RS forms a homodimer. HEK293T cells transiently overexpressing Flag-p15RS were cross-linked by 1% formaldehyde for the indicated times at room temperature 24 h after transfection. An anti-p15RS antibody was used to detect the 39-kDa monomer and the 78-kDa dimer of Myc-p15RS. the CCT domain of p15RS determines dimerization, whereas the RPR domain stays as monomer. HEK293T cells transfected with FLAG-tagged RPR or CCT domains of p15RS were subjected to cross-linking with 1% formaldehyde for the indicated times. The monomers and dimers were revealed by Western blotting using an anti-FLAG antibody. Note that dimers of endogenous p15RS with the CCT website are also designated. To further confirm whether full-length p15RS forms a homologous dimer, we performed FGF6 formaldehyde cross-linking assays in HEK293T cells transfected with FLAG-tagged full-length, RPR or CCT website of p15RS. Western blot analysis of the cross-linked cells transfected with full-length p15RS shown the presence of an additional band of about 80 kDa, twice the size of a p15RS monomer (about 39 kDa with tag) (Fig. 1formed homodimers, whereas the RPR website failed to dimerize (Fig. 1and a similarity analysis of amino acid sequences of p15RS with standard leucine zipperCcontaining proteins by an positioning using Bioedit software. Identical amino acids were back-colored in whereas residues posting similar characteristics were back-colored inside a Fosamprenavir schematic diagram of the mutation in the leucine zipperClike motif of p15RS. p15RSL248P/L255P (referred hereafter to as mutations failed to affect p15RS localization in the nucleus. MCF-7 cells expressing Flag-p15RS, Flag-p15RSL248P/L255P, and Flag-p15RSL248A/L255A were fixed and stained with an anti-FLAG antibody followed by an anti-mouse IgG conjugated with FITC. Nuclei were counterstained with 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (p15RSL248P/L255P no longer dimerizes. Myc-tagged full-length p15RS, p15RSL248P/L255P, or p15RSL248A/L255A were co-expressed with FLAG-tagged p15RS in HEK293T cells. Cell lysates were incubated with an anti-Myc antibody and subjected to Western blotting by an anti-FLAG antibody. and leucines 248/255 of p15RS are required for the dimeric connection p15RSL248P/L255P remains as monomer, whereas p15RSL248A/L255A forms dimer. HEK293T cells transfected with FLAG-tagged full-length p15RS, p15RSL248P/L255P, or Flag-p15RSL248A/L255A were subjected to cross-linking and recognized Fosamprenavir by Western blotting using an anti-FLAG antibody. As leucine zipper motif is definitely well-recognized to specifically regulate protein dimerization (21), we speculated that it is this leucine zipperClike motif within the p15RS CCT website that mediate p15RS dimerization. To clarify this, point mutations were launched to substitute the 1st two heptadic leucines at residues 248 and 255 into prolines (p15RSL248P/L255P) or alanines (p15RSL248A/L255A) (Fig. 2(Fig. 2and dimerization of p15RS participates in the inhibition of Wnt1-stimulated transcriptional activity. Luciferase assays were performed using HEK293T (shows empty vector like a control. Wnt1 manifestation was generated by transfection of a Wnt1 plasmid. Relative luciferase activities were normalized with the internal control. Results are offered from three self-employed experiments, and data are displayed as mean S.D. (= 3). shows a statistically significant difference. *, 0.05. p15RSL248P/L255P interacts with TCF4 with a decreased affinity. Myc-tagged p15RS, p15RSL248P/L255P, or p15RSL248A/L255A were co-expressed with Fosamprenavir HA-TCF4 in HEK293T cells. Cell lysates were incubated with an anti-Myc antibody and subjected to Western blotting by an anti-HA antibody. Relative binding affinity was Fosamprenavir displayed as fold-change based on the level of the HA-TCF4 and Myc-p15RS. and decreased dimerization prospects to tighter relationship between p15RS and -catenin. Myc-tagged p15RS, p15RSL248P/L255P, or Flag-p15RSL248A/L255A were co-expressed with FLAG–catenin in HEK293T cells..
Under Wnt quiescence conditions (and (Fig
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